ROYAL FAMILY OF BRUNEI

ROYAL FAMILY OF BRUNEI

The Royal Family of Brunei—a 600-year-old unbroken Malay dynasty— holds most of the key portfolios in government, and rules behind a veil of secrecy in one of world’s smallest but wealthiest nations. On what they are all about, Richard Behar wrote in Fortune, “It may be true, as the saying goes, that absolute power corrupts absolutely. But throw absolute wealth--plus an unhealthy measure of inbreeding--into the mix, and the depravity gets downright entertaining. All that money has transformed the royal family into a Muslim version of the Beverly Hillbillies, complete with a fleet of private jets, a garageful of Rolls-Royces, and a weakness for their own first cousins. For decades, the House of Bolkiah has kept its proclivities hidden from its 300,000 subjects, who live without political parties or a free press. [Source: Richard Behar, Fortune, February 1, 1999]

The primary members of the Brunei royal family are: 1) The Sovereign: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan dan Yang di-Pertuan Negara Brunei Dar us-Salam, i.e. Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Brunei Dar us-Salam, with the style of His Majesty. 2) Royal Consort: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Sri Baginda Raja Istri, i.e. Raja Istri, with the style of Her Majesty. 3) Junior Consort: Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Pangiran Istri, i.e. Princess with the style of Her Royal Highness. 4) Heir Apparent: Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Duli Paduka Sri Pangiran Muda Mahkota, i.e. Crown Prince with the style of His Royal Highness. 5) Younger sons and grandsons of the Sovereign, in the male line: Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Sri Duli Pangiran Muda, i.e. Prince with the style of His Royal Highness. 6) Daughters and granddaughters of the Sovereign, in the male line: Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Sri Duli Pangiran Anak Putri, i.e. Princess with the style of Her Royal Highness. 7) Grandsons of the Sovereign, being the sons of daughters: Yang Amat Mulia Duli Pangiran Anak, unless their father's hold a senior Vizier title. 8) Granddaughters of the Sovereign, being the daughters of daughters: Yang Amat Mulia Duli Pangiran Anak, unless their father's hold a senior Vizier title. [Source: Royal Ark]

Titles: 1) The sovereign is styled His Majesty and is the Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan dan Yang di-Pertuan Negara Brunei Darussalam (Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Brunei Darussalam). 2) The first wife is styled Her Majesty and is the Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Sri Baginda Raja Istri (Raja Istri). 3) The younger wife/wives are styled Her Royal Highness and are Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Pangiran Istri (Princess). 4) The crown prince is His Royal Highness and is Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Duli Paduka Sri Pangiran Muda Mahkota (Crown Prince). 5) The Sultan's younger sons and grandsons in male line are styled His Royal Highness and are Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Sri Duli Pangiran Muda (Prince). 6) The Sultan's daughters and granddaughters in male line are styled Her Royal Highness and are Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Sri Duli Pangiran Anak Putri (Princess). 7) The sons of daughters of the Sultan are Yang Amat Mulia Duli Pangiran Anak, unless the father has a Vizier title. 8) The granddaughters of the Sultan in female line are Yang Amat Mulia Duli Pangiran Anak, unless the father has a Vizier title. [Source: Netty Royalty]

See Separate Articles on the Sultan of Brunei and Prince Jefri

Wealth of Brunei’s Royal Family

On aide for the Brunei royal family told Fortune magazine: “These people won the biggest lottery in the world. And they've managed to piss away more money than most men can dream of. Your story is how one of the world's biggest fortunes was spent in the shortest amount of time." [Source: Richard Behar, Fortune, February 1, 1999 <+>]

Richard Behar wrote in Fortune, “If they haven't quite pissed it all away, it hasn't been for lack of trying. In 1984, Brunei became completely independent of Great Britain; three years later, FORTUNE crowned the Sultan the richest man in the world. He and P.J. have been celebrating ever since. They bought 17 aircraft, plus 2,000 luxury cars, which they keep in a climate-controlled garage. (Until recently the Bolkiahs were the world's biggest purchasers of Rolls-Royces.) They each own a 152-foot yacht (Jefri gets perplexed and offended when anyone criticizes his decision to call his Tits). When traveling abroad, the Big One whizzes around in a 747 built to carry 420 people; one of his wives has been known to tag along in a jet that seats 150. Not long ago the Sultan gave one of his daughters an Airbus A340, in her favorite colors, for her 18th birthday.” <+>

“Nor does it end there: The Sultan owns a Renoir that he bought in the mid-1980s for $70 million--then a world record for a painting. Jefri, meanwhile, once held the record for jewelry, with a $10 million necklace. Two years ago, when the Sultan turned 50, he threw himself a $17 million bash that featured three concerts by Michael Jackson; Guinness called it the most lavish birthday party ever held. Not to be outdone, Jefri is building the biggest private residence in Las Vegas--at 149,000 square feet. "With their money, they could have cured diseases," says one of Jefri's advisers. "But they have little interest in the rest of humanity. They make purchases for their own edification. They get their jollies for about 30 seconds at a shot." <+>

“And nothing jollies them up like a bit of sport. To learn golf, the royals once flew in Jack Nicklaus. When P.J. and the Big One feel like playing polo, they are fond of flying in the world's top players from Argentina. ("By a miracle, the Brunei team always won," recalls a visitor to a few rigged matches in 1997, adding that the surrealism was heightened by a public address system frozen on the Sultan's every move: His Majesty has the ball! His Majesty is running downfield with the ball! An amazing strike by His Majesty!)<+>

“When the Sultan and Jefri visit foreign cities, they take an army of butlers, cooks, confidants, playmates, and hangers-on. "Even the entourages have entourages," says one source close to the court. Records from one North American hotel in 1995 show the Sultan's party using more than 100 rooms in four days, racking up a bill that topped $1 million. Generally, the royals rent entire floors of hotels and don't venture downstairs until checkout day. "If you were a fly on the wall and heard their conversations, they'd take you to Bellevue," says one of the Prince's top aides, who has become increasingly cynical. Jefri himself stays regularly at his Palace hotel in New York City (he also owns the Bel-Air in Los Angeles), but he's never toured the property, let alone the city. Stores such as Versace and Armani have been known to set their entire inventory in a hotel function room, then wait to be called upstairs. "As long as there was adequate BSG--what I call begging, sniveling, and groveling--they would buy anything," says the aide. "If they liked a particular suit, they'd buy 100 at a clip, all in the same color. I could outfit entire countries with the clothing bought by the family." <+>

Hypocrisy and Vulgarity and Wealth of Brunei’s Royal Family

Maureen Callahan wrote in the New York Post: In one way the Sultan of Brunei and his brother adhere to Islamic law: As prescribed, each has several wives and families. But everything else they do is in defiance of the Koran and the sharia law they’ve imposed. “It’s a radical double standard,” says Jillian Lauren, who wrote about her life as a member of Jefri’s harem in her memoir, “Some Girls.” “They have more money than anyone else. I know that they both have been married and divorced multiple times. It’s really hypocritical.” It wasn’t until 2001, when Jefri was forced to auction off personal possessions after using the country as a piggy bank — spending an average of $747,000 a day for 10 years, on top of $17 billion in gifts to friends and family — that the sultanate’s true vulgarity was exposed. (His brother also treats the country as an ATM, and it remains a crime in Brunei for anyone to ever discuss how the royals spend their money.) [Source: Maureen Callahan, New York Post, May 10, 2014]

Among the family’s possessions: 1) The Dorchester Hotel luxury chain; 2) More than 17 airplanes, including a private, customized Boeing 747 and an Airbus 340-200 — often used to transport their harems and the South American professional polo players they rent for sport; 3) 9,000 cars, including two custom-made Mercedes-Benz firetrucks; 4) 150 homes in 12 countries; 5) A private zoo; 6) One 12-foot-tall rocking horse; 7) Four life-size statues depicting Jefri having sex with a fiancee ($800,000); 8) A global network of employees to procure women; 9) Asprey, jeweler to the Queen of England; 10) 10 luxury watches, at a cost of $8 million, that showed a couple having sex every time the hour struck; 11) Hundreds of thousands of suits by Versace and Armani; 12) A golf course designed by Jack Nicklaus; 13) Gold-plated toilet bowl brushes; 14) A sofa shaped like a Cadillac; 15) Dozens of bowling alley machines, pool tables, pizza ovens and grand pianos; 16) A professional lab to develop film; 17) 16,000 tons of marble, stacked in warehouses

“With their money, they could have cured diseases,” an adviser to Jefri told Fortune. “But they have little interest in the rest of humanity.” he said. “If you were a fly on the wall and heard their conversations, they’d take you to Bellevue.”

A third brother, Mohamed, was reported to loathe his brothers’ wantonness and profligacy. But when the Sultan tasked him with rebuilding the economy that he and Jefri had so badly damaged, he took more than $2 billion for himself and was promptly fired. Jefri once hid from his brother in five-star hotels around the world, and in a ploy to get him back,the Sultan reportedly held Jefri’s son Hakeem, then 25, under house arrest. A member of the Sultan’s team found this funny: “Hakeem can leave Brunei any time he wants,” the source told Fortune. “But he wouldn’t know how to pick up the phone and take a commercial flight. So he probably feels trapped.” Another described Jefri and his brother as incredibly dim. “They don’t have a lot of thoughts.”

Family of the Sultan of Brunei

His Majesty is married to Her Majesty the Duli Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha. The Sultan and Saleha are first cousins. They have has six children together. His Majesty has 12 children: five princes and seven princesses. He has married and divorced two other wives. The sultan's second wife, Mariam, was hostess for Brunei Airlines and the daughter of a customs agent.

The Sultan of Brunei married: 1) in 1965: Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajjah Saleha (born 1946, six children with the sultan); 2) in 1981 (divorced 2003): Mariam Abdul Aziz (born 1956, four children with the sultan); 3) in 2005 (divorced in 2010) Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim (1979, two children with the sultan).

Children: 1) by first wife: Princess Rashidah (born 1969). Married (1996): Pangiran Anak Haji Abdul Rahim (1970). They have three daughters: Rahima (1997), Hariisah and Raqeeqah (2009). And two sons: Abdul Raqib (2002) and Abdul Hasib (2006). 2) by first wife: 1) Princesss Muta-Wakkilah (1971). 3) by first wife, Crown Prince Pengiran Muda Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah (Istana dar ul-Hana, Brunei Town, now Banda Seri Begawan, February 17th, 1974). Married (2004) Pengiran Anak Isteri Pengiran Anak Sarah (1987). They have one son: 'Abdul Muntaqim (2007) and a daughter Muneerah Madhul (2011). 4) by first wife: Princess Majeedah (1976). Married (2007): Pangiran Anak Khairul Khalil (1975). They have one son: 'Abdul Hafeez (2008) and a daughter Raihaanah (2010). [Source: Netty Royalty]

5) by first wife: Princess Hafizah (1980); 6) by second wife: Prince 'Abdul 'Azim (1982); 7) by first wife: Prince 'Abdul Malik (1983); 8) by second wife: Princess 'Azemah (1984); 9) by second wife: Princess Fadzillah (1985); 10) by second wife: Prince 'Abdul Mateen (1991); 11) by third wife: Prince'Abdul Wakeel (2006); 12) by third wife: Princess Ameerah (2008).

Her Majesty Pengiran Anak Saleha, The Raja Isteri (Queen)

Her Majesty Paduka Seri Duli Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha binti Al-Marhum Pengiran Pemancha Pengiran Anak Haji Mohamed Alam was born in Brunei Town (now Bandar Seri Begawan), Brunei Darussalam on 7th October 1946. Her Majesty was married to His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Saaduk Khairi Waddien who was at the time the Crown Prince, on 28th July 1965. Her Majesty has two sons and four daughters. Her Majesty is also blessed with three grandchildren with whom she spends much of her time. Her eldest son is the Crown Prince of Brunei. [Sources: Official Royal Wedding Book of Crown Prince, bruneiresources.com]

Her Majesty had her early education through private tuition at the surau of Istana Darul Hana. Her Majesty also attended religious classes. Her Majesty studied at the Raja Isteri Girsl's High School in Bandar Seri Begawan before leaving for London where she studied for two years and completed her studies. Being a lover of nature, Her Majesty has a fruit garden, a fish pond and a bird park. Her hobbies include reading. Her Majesty likes to play badminton and traditional Brunei games such as Congkak and Pasang.

Her Majesty is the Patron to various organisations including the Women's Institute (WI), Pertiwi Association, PEKERTI, the Girl Guides Association of Brunei Darussalam, the Brunei Government Senior Officers Wives Welfare Association (BISTARI), the Women's Council of Brunei Darussalam, The Women Graduates' Association, and the Brunei Shell Women Association.

Sultan of Brunei Marries His Second, Second Wife

In 2005, the Sultan of Brunei married Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim (born 1979), a former news announcer 32 years his junior, as his second wife. It was his second second wife. Sebastien Berger wrote in The Telegraph, “Family members and close friends were the only people to attend the wedding of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, 58, and his 26-year-old bride, Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim, in the Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur, the New Straits Times said. Azrinaz was educated in Malaysia and worked as a television reporter and newsreader until leaving her station three months ago, saying she wanted to "venture into other undertakings". Bruneian men are allowed four wives, as Islam decrees, and the sultan divorced his first second wife Mariam Abdul Aziz, a former air hostess, two years ago, stripping her of all her royal titles. He has remained married to his first wife, Anak Saleha, throughout. [Source: Sebastien Berger, The Telegraph, August 22, 2005 \+\]

“The House of Bolkiah is not as rich as it once was and the private wedding ceremony had but a shadow of the opulence of previous family celebrations. In 1996, Michael Jackson was flown in to perform for the people of Brunei for the sultan's 50th birthday, and the marriage of his eldest daughter the same year was marked with concerts by Stevie Wonder and Whitney Houston. But the Asian financial crisis of 1997-8, followed by years of low oil prices, brought the sultan's global wealth ranking down tens of places. \+\

“Thousands of guests were invited to the wedding of Brunei's crown prince, Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah, to a 17-year-old schoolgirl in 2005, when the sprawling palace was draped in flashing, pastel fairy lights. But by the opulent standards of the sultanate the occasion was relatively modest, with the fireworks sponsored by an oil company. \+\

According to the official media, Radio Television Brunei on 24th August 2005, the Office of the Private and Confidential Secretary to His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam confirmed that His Majesty conducted "pernikahan" (marriage) with Puan Azrinaz Mazhar binti Hakim Mazhar in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on Saturday, 16th Rejab 1426 corresponding to 20th August, 2005. [Source: Borneo Bulletin, bruneiresources.com]

Ms. Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim Mazhar, 26, or fondly known as Naz started her work as a broadcast journalist with TV3 in 1997 after completing her diploma in broadcasting from the Malaysia Institute of Integrative Media (MIIM). She, who won TV3's Most Promising Journalist Award in 2000 and MIIM Alumni Award in 2002, used to appear on the Buletin Pagi, Berita Terkini and Buletin 1.30. She quit TV3 in May 2005 saying that she wanted to "venture into other undertakings." [Ibid]

Sultan of Brunei’s Second, Second Wife Gives Birth to a Son

The Sultan of Brunei and Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim had two children. by third wife. The first Prince'Abdul Wakeel was born on June 1, 2006. The Borneo Bulletin reported: Bandar Seri Begawan - By command of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, YAM Pengiran Penggawa Laila Bentara Istiadat Diraja Dalam Istana Pengiran Hj Alauddin bin Pengiran Paduka Tuan Pengiran Hj Abu Bakar, Grand Chamberlain, announced that YTM Azrinaz Mazhar binti Hakim Mazhar has safely given birth to a prince on Thursday, 4th Jamadilawal, 1427 Hijrah corresponding to June 1, 2006 at 12.43am. In conjunction with the birth, a 21-cannon salute was fired at the vicinity of the Istana Nurul Iman. [Source: Borneo Bulletin]

Following the birth Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim was given a new title. The Borneo Bulletin reported: The following statement was issued last night by the Office of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam. By command of His Majesty Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, the Chairman of the Council of Mesyuarat Adat Istiadat of Brunei Darussalam, hereby announces to all subjects and residents of Brunei Darussalam that with effect from today, Friday 12th of Jamadilawal, 1427 corrresponding to June 9, 2006, His Majesty is pleased to confer His Majesty's wife, Yang Teramat Mulia Azrinaz Mazhar binti Hakim Mazhar with the title "Her Royal Highness Pengiran Isteri Azrinaz Mazhar".

On the naming of the new prince, the Borneo Bulletin reported: By command of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, Grand Chamberlain YAM Pengiran Penggawa Laila Bentara Istiadat Diraja Dalam Istana Pengiran Hj Alauddin bin Pengiran Paduka Tuan Pengiran Hj Abu Bakar has announced that His Majesty has with great pleasure named his newborn son, Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Duli Pengiran Muda 'Abdul Wakeel ibni Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Muizzaddin Waddaulah. In a statement from Istana Nurul Iman, His Majesty and YTM Azrinaz Mazhar binti Hakim Mazhar as well as other members of the royal family thanked everyone who were involved during the birth of the prince and also to those who have sent congratulatory messages. HRH Pengiran Muda 'Abdul Wakeel was born on Thursday, 4th Jamadilawal, 1427 Hijrah corresponding to June 1, 2006 at 12.43am.

Sultan Divorces His Second Second Wife

In June 2010, the Sultan of Brunei divorced his third wife (second, second wife), Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim. Azlan Othman wrote in the Borneo Bulletin: “His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam has divorced his wife, Her Royal Highness Pengiran Isteri Azrinaz Mazhar Binti Hakim Mazhar with a single ‘talak'. It took effect yesterday, 3rd Rejab 1431 of Muslim Calendar corresponding to June 16, 2010. [Source: Azlan Othman, Borneo Bulletin]

This was announced by the Grand Chamberlain, YAM Pengiran Penggawa Laila Bentara Istiadat Diraja Dalam Istana Pengiran Hj Alauddin bin Pengiran Paduka Tuan Pengiran Hj Abu Bakar in a special announcement televised live over the RTB 8pm news last night. The announcement mentioned that with the consent of His Majesty, effective June 16, 2010 all royal titles, state decorations and honorary medals bestowed on her have been withdrawn.

The special announcement reads: "By command of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, His Royal Highness Prince Hj Sufri Bolkiah, Chairman of Adat Istiadat Council hereby informs that His Majesty, due to special reasons, driven and guided by Syara' laws in the matters of marriage and divorce and in line with the excerpts of Surah Al-Baqarah of the Quran and part of the verses 229 which reads marriage in a proper way (ma'aruf) and also dissolve in a proper way (ihsan) has divorced his wife with a single `Talak'.

Sultan’s First Second Wife Conned by Fortuneteller to Give $3 Million to Nonexistent Man

In 2007, it was disclosed that the Sultan of Brunei’s first second wife was conned into handing over £2 million to a female fortune-teller to give to a man who did not exist. Frances Gibb wrote in The Times, “Mariam Aziz, the Sultan’s former wife, also revealed, on cassette tapes handed to the Iraqi-born fortune-teller Aviva Amir, “scurrilous allegations” and “embarrassing” details of her life with the 60-year-old Sultan before they divorced in 2003, a court was told. The details of the “bizarre” court case and the jailing of Amir for failing to comply with court orders to return the cash, gifts and tapes were revealed for the first time yesterday. [Source: Frances Gibb, The Times, July 2007 /=/]

“Three Appeal Court judges unanimously lifted anonymity orders won by the Sultan to protect his identity. He had relied on his status as a foreign head of state to keep secret his name and that of his former wife, with most of the court hearings being held in private. However, Lord Justice Lawrence Collins together with the Master of the Rolls, Sir Anthony Clarke and Lord Justice Sedley removed all reporting restrictions on the case. Lord Justice Collins said it was an extraordinary case and Lord Justice Sedley called it bizarre. /=/

“Lord Justice Collins said Mrs. Aziz met Amir, who is now an Israeli citizen, at a casino in 2003. She “came to regard Mrs. Amir as a trusted friend and confidant,” the judge said. In early 2004 Amir purported to introduce Mrs. Aziz to a gentleman called ‘Mr. Aziz;, whom she never met but “they developed what appeared to be a close relationship conducted by telephone and text message and involving exchanges of gifts,” the Judge said. /=/

“Between May and November 2004 Mrs. Aziz made bank transfers totalling more than £1 million intended for ‘Mr. Aziz’, as well as payments of more than £1 million in cash to Amir’s driver. She also delivered in the summer of 2004 two audio cassette tapes to Mr. Aziz containing confidential material. But it turned out that ‘Mr. Aziz’ never existed, and the person to whom she had made the gifts, and with whom she had exchanged telephone calls and text messages, was really Amir using an assumed voice on the telephone. Lord Justice Collins said: “It was Mrs. Amir who had the benefit of the £2 million and possession of the cassettes.” /=/

Sultan of Brunei’s Effort to Keep His Dignity Regarding the Nonexistent Man Fiasco

Frances Gibb wrote in The Times, “The Sultan of Brunei claimed that as a head of state he was protected by international and British law, which required Britain to ?treat him with due respect and... take all appropriate steps to prevent any attack on his dignity... nothing embarrassing about the Sultan?s private life had been disclosed in the legal action by his former wife,? the court ruled. [Source: Frances Gibb, The Times, July 2007 /=/]

“Mrs. Aziz won her case, heard in private, against Amir last year, when Mr. Justice Underhill ordered Amir to return the money and awarded damages in relation to the gifts. Amir was also ordered not to disclose any information on tapes recorded for her by Mrs. Aziz and in a letter said to contain confidential information about her relationship with the Sultan during and after her marriage. /=/

“Lord Justice Lawrence Collins said that the Sultan, relying on his status as a foreign head of state, had sought orders preventing publication of anything that could lead to his identification when his former wife sought to have Amir jailed for failing to comply with the court orders. Committal proceedings are invariably held in public in British courts. Justice Gray in 2005 refused the application for anonymity but continued the privacy order until the case had been heard by the Court of Appeal. The High Court judge’s ruling was upheld yesterday by the appeal judges, who said all the previous judgments in the case were now public. /=/

“Amir was found guilty of contempt and given a suspended sentence of three months. Justice Gray said that Amir had attempted to influence the claimant to withdraw her action against her by threatening to disclose the confidential information. Lord Justice Lawrence Collins said he was “far from convinced” that international law required states to take steps to prevent individuals from insulting foreign heads of state abroad. But he said that it was not necessary to identify such a rule because there had been no attack on the dignity of the Sultan, and that all steps had been taken to prevent such an attack.” /=/

Brunei’s Crown Prince

Prince al-Muhtadee Billah Bolkiah, the Sultan of Brunei’s eldest son, is the crown prince. Educated at Oxford, he is regarded as sober and sedate. He likes snooker and Kenny G. On August 10, 1998, at the age of 24, Prince al-Muhtadee Billah, was crowned at an investiture, steeped in ritual and ceremony, and was paraded through the streets in a gold-and-white chariot. This officially made hm the future sultan.

His Royal Highness Prince Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah was born on 17 February, 1974 corresponding to 24 Muharram 1394 Hijriah of the Islamic calendar. The Prince was the third child of His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Muízzaddin Waddaulah, Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam and Her Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha. [Source: Rozan Yunos, bruneiresources.com]

Throughout his academic life, His Royal Highness was not only industrious in his academic studies and extra-curricular activities but was also equally diligent and devoted much time and attention to his religious education, Islamic and welfare matters. In 1988, The Prince completed the reading of the Holy Quran (Khatamal Quran) and the 'surah-surah Lazim'.

The Prince's education began early in life, at the Putera-Puteri (Prince-Princess) School at the Istana (Palace) Darul Hana. Subsequently, His Royal Highness progressed through the Brunei Junior Certificate (1988) and the 'O' level examination of the General Certificate of Education (Cambridge) in 1991 and 'A' level examination of the General Certificate of Education (Cambridge) in 1994. In 1995, the Prince attended a course of tutorials at the University of Brunei Darussalam and at the Oxford Center for Islamic Studies, United Kingdom.

August, 10, 1998, corresponding to 17 Rabiulakhir, 1419 Hijriah in the Islamic Calendar was a historic event for Brunei Darussalam. The date marked the Royal Proclamation of His Royal Highness Prince Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah as the Crown Prince of Brunei Darussalam. The Proclamation puts His Royal Highness in line to become the 30th Sultan of Brunei.

In preparing to become the future leader and head of the country, the Prince has been on attachments to the various government agencies as well as to a leading member of the private sector, namely the Public Service Department; Public Service Commission; Immigration Department; Labour Department; Ministry of Finance; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Communications; Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports; Ministry of Religious Affairs; and Datastream Technology Communications or better known as DST, a mobile phone company. The attachments are designed to give His Royal Highness the widest possible exposure to the country's workings.

On how Prince Billah emerged as crown prince and its consequences, Richard Behar wrote in Fortune, In 2008 the Sultan of Brunei’s “two wives were fighting, as rival queens must, over whose son would be named heir. The prize eventually fell to the 24-year-old Billah, the Sultan's eldest son by Queen Saleha, his first wife. Billah was crowned in an elaborate public ceremony in August. But there's one problem: Jefri's advisers contend that Billah "can't walk and chew gum." Like his father, the visibly dimwitted prince is a product of first cousins, and he suffers from diabetes, poor eyesight, and God knows what else. The ascension of this less-than-convincing figurehead, the advisers warn, could be welcomed by conservatives such as Aziz--who, they suspect, are angling either to install a puppet or to topple the monarchy. If you are looking to knock out the royal family, Billah is your man," says one of P.J.'s aides. That kind of thinking could just be a function of spending too many hours lounging around the Plaza Athenee. Then again, plots against kings have a long and colorful history. Indeed, the foundation of most republics covers the bones of monarchy. The Sultan's spokesman in London assured me, he is "bright, diligent, serious," and perfectly fit to rule. [Source: Richard Behar, Fortune, February 1, 1999]

Wedding of Brunei’s Crown Prince

In September 2004, at the age of 30, Prince al-Muhtadee Billah, married a 17-year-old commoner, in a centuries-old ceremony at the 1,788 royal palace, before 2,000 guests, including royalty and dignitaries. The bride, Sarah Salleh, was high school student of Swiss and Bruneian parentage. Thousands lined the streets as the couple were driven through Bandar Seri Begawan in an open Rolls Royce, accompanied by 103 limousines carrying family members.

According to government sources: On 9th September 2004, His royal Highness married Dayangku Sarah in a grand ceremony attended by many Heads of States and Governments. Dayangku Sarah is born to a Brunei father and Swiss mother. She now holds the title Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Anak Isteri Sarah or in short Princess Sarah, the consort to the Crown Princess.

The wedding cost an estimated $5 million. The climax of the event was a “bersanding” ceremony—where the prince, wearing a gold crown and traditional dagger, and his bride, decked out in diamonds, including drop earrings with a pair of olive-size diamonds, sat on thrones and greeted guest that included the leaders of Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines and royalty from Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Japan.

Crown Princess of Brunei

Her Royal Highness the Crown Princess of Brunei Darussalam, Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Anak Isteri Pengiran Anak Sarah binti Pengiran Salleh Ab Rahaman was born on 9th April 1987 as Dayangku Sarah at the Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Hospital in the capital of Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan. Princess Sarah is the third and youngest child of Pengiran Salleh Ab Rahaman bin Pengiran Haji Damit and Rinawaty binti Abdullah—Suzanne Rahaman Aeby. Her mother is Swiss. Her two elder brothers are Awangku Irwan and Awangku Adrian. [Source: Royal Wedding Official Book, bruneiresources.com]

Princess Sarah's education began in 1993 at the age of six at St. Andrews School where she sat for her Primary Certificate of Education examination in 1988 with outstanding results. She joined the Paduka Seri Begawan Sultan Science College where she passed her examinations for the Brunei Junior Certificate in 2001 and Cambridge General Certificate of Examination O Levels in 2003. Despite her busy schedule as the consort to the Crown Prince, she still managed to find time to continue here education where she is still currently studying at the same college for her pre-university education. She has not only earned commendations from her teachers for her academic ability but also for her involvement in sports and charity runs. She is well-known among her teachers and friends for her grace, intelligence and positive attitude towards work in all areas.

Princess Sarah is a basketball enthuasiast and is also active in outdoor activities. She has taken part in charity runs organised by her college. She also has joined her parents on International Four-Wheel Drive expeditions to Trans-Kalimantan-Java-Bali, Brunei-Sarawak-Kalimantan-Sulawesi and Brunei-Hongkong-China-Mongolia. The Crown Prince and Princess Sarah was married in a grand ceremony on 9th September 2004.

Her father, Pengiran Salleh Ab Rahaman bin Pengiran Haji Damit was born on 1st June 1950. He studied at Aston University in Birmingham, England and attended a special skills course in labaratory sciences in the fields of chemistry and biochemistry. He worked at the Public Works Department as Chief Laboratory Assistant at the Water Services Division. He is a member of Brunei Amateur Radio Society (Ham Radio) and is very active in the four-wheel-drive expeditions.

Her mother, Dayang Rinawaty binti Abdullah nee Suzanne Rahaman Abey was born in Fribourg, Switzerland on 3rd March 1954. She is the youngest child of Pius Johann Aeby and Marie Aeby-Boschung. She studied at the Ecole des Art et Mertiers (Domestic Science Diploma), Residential Commercial College (Commercial Diploma), Psychiatric Nursing College (Diploma in Psychiatric Nursing). She is fluent in German, French, English and Malay. She used to work at the Psychiatric Hospital of Marsens and Prangin in Switzerland and later at the General Hospital and Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Hospital. She then joined the CfBT, a non-profit UK organisation specialising in expatriate teaching. She enjoys music, classical and modern theatre.

Crown Princess of Brunei Gives Birth to Future Sultan

In March 2007, the Crown Princess of Brunei gave birth to a son, who presumably will on day be the Sultan of Brunei. Associated Press reported: “The half-Swiss wife of the future king of the oil-rich sultanate of Brunei gave birth to a boy, continuing a lineage that has ruled the country for more than 500 years. A 19-gun salute was fired in the vicinity of the 1,788-room main palace of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, the absolute ruler of the kingdom and the boy's grandfather. Crown Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah Bolkiah wed half-Swiss commoner Sarah Salleh in a pomp and grand ceremony in 2004, when she was 17. [Source: Associated Press, Pravda, March 19, 2007]

"Birth of a prince," blared the Borneo Bulletin Monday, the main English paper in one of the region's smallest countries, which shares Borneo island with Malaysia and Indonesia. It was not immediately clear if the prince, born Saturday into one of the world's wealthiest families, has been named.

Another brother, Prince Mohammed Bolkiah, is head of the Brunei Economic Council. He is regarded as a Muslim fundamentalist.

Wedding of the Sultan of Brunei’s Daughter

In June 2007, the Sultan of Brunei’s daughter married a Bruneian civil servant in a traditional ceremony in what was the biggest events in Brunei in 2007. The Telegraph reported: “Diamonds sparkled and cannons boomed as a daughter of the Sultan of Brunei, one of the world's richest men, married a civil servant in a lavish traditional ceremony. Climaxing two weeks of celebrations, thousands braved a blistering midday sun to greet the daughter of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah and her smiling husband as they cruised through town in a gold Rolls-Royce after the ceremony at the 1,700-room palace. More than 2,000 guests witnessed the wedding of Princess Majeedah Nuurul Bulqiah, 31, and Pengiran Khairul Khalil, 32, beneath 12 crystal chandeliers in the throne room. [Source: The Telegraph, June 11, 2007 /*\]

“The princess, wearing a tiara and holding a small bouquet of diamond-studded flowers, sat beneath a gold-leaf canopy at the head of the hall. Mr Khairul, escorted by Sultan Hassanal, crossed a yellow carpet and passed between four tall yellow candles to approach his bride. He placed his hands briefly on her forehead before the muffled boom of cannons sounded 17 times outside. /*\

“The princess, who holds a master's degree in environmental development from King's College London, is the fourth child of the Sultan. Mr Khairul, who works in the prime minister's office and also studied in Britain, received a royal title and is now known as "Yang Amat Mulia Pengiran Anak Khairul Khalil", or "very noble". /*\

Prince Jefri, See Separate Article

Prince Mohamed Bolkiah

Prince Mohammed Bolkiah is the brother of the Sultan of Brunei and Prince Jefri. He has been the Minister of Foreign Affairs and head of the Brunei Economic Council. He is regarded as a Muslim fundamentalist. Maureen Callahan wrote in the New York Post: Prince Mohamed reportedly “loathes his brothers’ wantonness and profligacy. But when the Sultan tasked him with rebuilding the economy that he and Jefri had so badly damaged, he took more than $2 billion for himself and was promptly fired. [Source: Maureen Callahan, New York Post, May 10, 2014]

Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah or His Royal Highness Prince Mohamed Bolkiah was born in 1947. He is the brother to His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Muizzaddin Waddaulah, The Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, the 29th Sultan of Brunei and is the second son of His Majesty Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, the 28th Sultan of Brunei. [Source: Rozan Yunos, bruneiresources.com]

His Royal Highness is married to Yang Teramat Mulia Pengiran Anak Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Zariah binti Al-Marhum Pengiran Pemancha Pengiran Anak Haji Mohamed Alam, the sister to Her Majesty Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha, the Raja Isteri (Queen). His and Her Royal Highness's children: 1) Pengiran Anak Hajah Taiyibah Qalbul Bolqiah; 2) Pengiran Muda Abdul Qawi; 3) Pengiran Anak Hajah Ruqiyah Mataul Bulqiah; 4) Pengiran Muda Abdul Fattaah; 5) Pengiran Muda Abdul Mu'min; 6) Pengiran Anak Mansurah izzul Bolkiah; 7) Pengiran Muda Omar Ali; 8) Pengiran Anak Khaliilah Khalilatul Bolqiah; 9) Pengiran Anak Naafi'ah Kahirul Bulqiah; 10) Pengiran Muda Abdul Muqtadir.

Immediately following the independence of Brunei Darussalam in 1984, His Royal Highness was appointed as the Minister of Foreign Affairs and have held the appointment since then. His Royal Highness also holds the title of the Chief Vizier (Perdana Wazir) in the Royal Court.

Other Members of the Bruneian Royal Family

1) His Royal Highness Peingran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien (HRH Prince Sufri). 2) Yang Mulia Datin Hajah Faizah binti Dato Haji Nasir, Wife of HRH Prince Sufri Bolkiah. 3) His Royal Highness Pengiran Digadong Sahibul Mal Pengiran Muda Haji Jefri Bolkiah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien (HRH Prince Jefri). 4) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Isteri Pengiran Norhayati binti Pengiran Jaya Negara Pengiran Haji Abdul Rahman, Wife of HRH Prince Jefri. 5) His Royal Highness Pengiran Muda Haji 'Abddul 'Azim ibni Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, (HRH Prince Azim). 6) His Royal Highness Pengiran Muda 'Abdul Malik ibni Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, (HRH Prince Malik). 7 ) His Royal Highness Pengiran Muda 'Abdul Mateen ibni Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, (HRH Prince Mateen). 8) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Rashidah Sa'adatul Bolkiah binti Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, (HRH Princess Rashidah). 9) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Muta-Wakkilah Hayatul Bolkiah binti Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, (HRH Princess Muta-Wakkilah). 10) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Majeedah Nuurul Bolkiah binti Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, (HRH Princess Majeedah).

11) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Hafizah Sururul Bolkiah binti Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, (HRH Princess Hafizah). 12) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri 'Azemah Ni'matul Bolkiah binti Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, (HRH Princess Azemah). 13) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Fadzilah Lubabul Bulqiah binti Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah (HRH Princess Fadzilah). 14) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Masna binti Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, (HRH Princess Masna), Ambassador-at-Large, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 15) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Nor'ain binti Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, (HRH Princess Norain). 16) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Amal umi Kalthum Al-Islam binti Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, (HRH Princess Umi Kalthum Al-Islam). 17) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Amal Rakiah binti Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, (HRH Princess Amal Rakiah). 18) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Amal Nasibah binti Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, (HRH Princess Amal Nasibah). 19) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Amal Jefriah binti Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, (HRH Princess Amal Jefriah). 20) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Raheemah Sanaul Bolkiah binti Pengiran Maharaja Setia Laila Diraja Sahibul Irshad Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Rahim, (HH Lady Raheemah), daughter of HRH Princess Rashidah.

21) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Hariisah Widadul Bolqiah binti Pengiran Maharaja Setia Laila Diraja Sahibul Irshad Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Rahim, (HH Lady Hariisah), daughter of HRH Princess Rashidah. 22) His Highness Pengiran Anak Abdul Raqiib bin Pengiran Maharaja Setia Laila Diraja Sahibul Irshad Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Rahim, (HH Lord Raqiib), son of HRH Princess Rashidah. 23) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Hajah Taiyibah Qalbul Bolqiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, (HH Lady Taiyibah), daughter of HRH Prince Mohamed. 24) His Highness Pengiran Muda Abdul Qawi ibni Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, (HH Prince Qawi), son of HRH Prince Mohamed. 25) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Hajah Ruqiyah Mataul Bulqiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, (HH Lady Ruqiyah), daughter of HRH Prince Mohamed. 26) His Highness Pengiran Muda Abdul Fataah ibni Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, (HH Prince Abdul Fataah), son of HRH Prince Mohamed. 27) His Highness Pengiran Muda Abdul Mu'min ibni Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, (HH Prince Abdul Mu'min), son of HRH Prince Mohamed. 28) His Highness Pengiran Anak Mansurah Izzul Bolkiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, (HH Lady Mansurah), daughter of HRH Prince Mohamed. 29) His Highness Pengiran Muda Omar Ali ibni Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, (HH Prince Omar Ali), son of HRH Prince Mohamed. 30) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Khaliilah Bolqiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, (HH Lady Khaliilah), daughter of HRH Prince Mohamed.

31) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Naafi'ah Khairul Bulqiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, (HH Lady Naafi'ah), daughter of HRH Prince Mohamed. 32) His Highness Pengiran Muda Abdul Muqtadir ibni Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Perdana Wazir Sahibul Himmah Wal-Waqar Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, (HH Prince Muqtadir), son of HRH Prince Mohamed. 33) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Kamilah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, (HH Lady Kamilah), daughter of HRH Prince Sufri. 34) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Muhdiyatul Bulqiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, (HH Lady Muhdiyatul), daughter of HRH Prince Sufri. 35) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Ajeerah Fidrausul Bulqiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, (HH Lady Ajeerah), daughter of HRH Prince Sufri. 36) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Raafi'ah Amalul Bulqiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, (HH Lady Raafi'ah), daughter of HRH Prince Sufri. 37) His Highness Pengiran Muda Abdul Khaaliq ibni Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, (HH Prince Abdul Khaaliq), son of HRH Prince Sufri. 38) Her Highness Pengiran Anak 'Aliiyah Amalul Bulqiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, (HH Lady 'Aliiyah), daughter of HRH Prince Sufri. 39) His Highness Pengiran Muda 'Abdul 'Aleem ibni Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, (HH Prince Abdul Aleem), son of HRH Prince Sufri. 40) Her Highness Pengiran Anak 'Aizzatul Bulqiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, (HH Lady Aizzatul), daughter of HRH Prince Sufri.

41) His Highness Pengiran Muda Abdul Hakeem ibni Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Digadong Sahibul Mal Pengiran Muda Haji Jefri Bolkiah, (HH Prince Abdul Hakeem), son of HRH Prince Jefri. 42) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Hamidah Jamalul Bulqiah binti Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Digadong Sahibul Mal Pengiran Muda Haji Jefri Bolkiah, (HH Lady Hamidah), daughter of HRH Prince Jefri. 43) His Highness Pengiran Muda Bahar ibni Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Digadong Sahibul Mal Pengiran Muda Haji Jefri Bolkiah, (HH Prince Bahar), son of HRH Prince Jefri. 44) His Highness Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Wadood Bolkiah bin Pengiran Lela Cheteria Sahibun Najabah Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Aziz, (HH Lord Wadood), son of HRH Princess Masna. 45) His Highness Pengiran Anak Haji Mohammed Al-Mokhtar bin Pengiran Lela Cheteria Sahibun Najabah Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Aziz, (HH Lord Mohamed Al-Mokhtar), son of HRH Princess Masna. 46) His Highness Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul 'Ali Yil-Kabier bin Pengiran Lela Cheteria Sahibun Najabah Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Aziz, (HH Lord Abdul 'Ali), son of HRH Princess Masna. 47) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Hajah Ameenah Bushral Bulqiah binti Pengiran Lela Cheteria Sahibun Najabah Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Aziz, (HH Lady Ameenah), daughter of HRH Princess Masna. 48) His Highness Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Qudduus bin Pengiran Lela Cheteria Sahibun Najabah Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Aziz, (HH Lord Abdul Qudduus), son of HRH Princess Masna. 49) His Highness Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Hadi Bolkiah bin Pengiran Maharaja Lela Sahibul Kahar Pengiran Anak Haji Mohd Yusof, (HH Lord Abdul Hadi), son of HRH Princess Norain. 50) His Highness Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Kadir bin engiran Maharaja Lela Sahibul Kahar Pengiran Anak Haji Mohd Yusof, (HH Lord Abdul Kadir), son of HRH Princess Norain.

51) Yang Amat Mulia Pengiran Anak Hajah Siti Radhiah binti Pengiran Maharaja Lela Sahibul Kahar Pengiran Anak Haji Mohd Yusof, (HH Lady Radhiah), daughter of HRH Princess Norain. 52) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Wahidah Widadul Bolqiah binti Pengiran Maharaja Lela Sahibul Kahar Pengiran Anak Haji Mohd Yusof, (HH Lady Wahidah), daughter of HRH Princess Norain. 53) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Hafiyyah binti Pengiran Maharaja Lela Sahibul Kahar Pengiran Anak Haji Mohd Yusof, (HH Lady Hafiyyah), daughter of HRH Princess Norain. 54) His Highness Pengiran Anak Haji Mohammed Saifullah bin Pengiran Indera Setia Diraja Sahibul Karib Pengiran Anak Haji Idris, (HH Lord Saifullah), son of HRH Princess Umi Kalthum. 55) Yang Amat Mulia Pengiran Anak Hajah Huda Bahaaul Bulqiah binti Pengiran Indera Setia Diraja Sahibul Karib Pengiran Anak Haji Idris, (HH Lady Huda), daughter of HRH Princess Umi Kalthum. 56) His Highness Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Nafee' bin Pengiran Indera Setia Diraja Sahibul Karib Pengiran Anak Haji Idris, (HH Lord Abdul Nafee), son of HRH Princess Umi Kalthum. 57) His Highness Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Ghaffar bin Pengiran Indera Setia Diraja Sahibul Karib Pengiran Anak Haji Idris, (HH Lord Abd Ghaffar), son of HRH Princess Umi Kalthum. 58) His Higness Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Mui'z bin Pengiran Indera Setia Diraja Sahibul Karib Pengiran Anak Haji Idris, (HH Lord Muiz), son of HRH Princess Umi Kalthum. 59) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Hajah Mujaabah Safaaul Bolqiah binti Pengiran Anak Haji Tahiruddin, (HH Lad Mujaabah), daugher of HRH Princess Amal Rakiah. 60) His Highness Pengiran Anak Abdul Mun'im bin Pengiran Anak Haji Tahiruddin, (HH Lord Abdul Munim), son of HRH Princess Amal Rakiah.

61) His Highness Pengiran Anak Abdul Badee' bin Pengirna Kerma Raja Pengiran Haji Kamarulzaman, (HH Lord Abdul Badee), son of HRH Princess Amal Nasibah. 62) His Highness Pengiran Anak Abdul Rashid bin Pengiran Kerma Raja Pengiran Haji Kamarulzaman, (HH Lord Abdul Rashid), son of HRH Princess Amal Nasibah. 63) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Hajah Nurul Amal Ni'matullah Athirah binti Pengiran Sura Negara Pengiran Anak Haji Muhammad Bey Muntassir, (HH Lady Nimatullah), daugher of HRH Princess Amal Jefriah. 64) Her Highness Pengiran Anak Hajah Nurul Amal Munjiatul Athirah binti Pengiran Sura Negara Pengiran Anak Haji Muhammad Bey Muntassir, (HH Lady Munjiatul), daughter of HRH Princess Amal Jefriah. 65) His Highness Pengiran Anak Muhammad Abdul Haffiz bin Pengiran Indera Sura Negara Pengiran anak Haji Muhammad Bey Muntassir, (HH Lord Abdul Haffiz), son of HRH Princess Amal Jefriah. 66) His Highness Pengiran Anak Muhammad Abdul Qayyum bin Pengiran Indera Sura Negara Pengiran anak Haji Muhammad Bey Muntassir, (HH Lord Abdul Qayyum), son of HRH Princess Amal Jefriah. 67) His Highness Pengiran Anak Muhammad Abdul Razaaq bin Pengiran Sura Negara Pengiran Anak Haji Muhammad Bey Muntassir, (HH Lord Abdul Razaaq), son of HRH Princess Amal Jefriah. 68) Her Royal Highness Pengiran Babu Raja Pengiran Anak Hajah Besar binti Pengiran Anak Haji Metassan. 69) His Highness Pengiran Lela Cheteria Sahibun Najabah Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Aziz bin Pengiran Jaya Negara Pengiran Haji Abu Bakar, (HH Lord Abdul Aziz), husband of HRH Princess Masna. 70) His Highness Pengiran Maharaja Lela Sahibul Kahar Pengiran Anak Haji Mohd Yusof ibni Al-Marhum Pengiran Pemancha Pengiran Anak Haji Mohamed Alam, (HH Lord Yusof), husband of HRH Princess Norain. 71) His Highness Pengiran Indera Setia Diraja Sahibul Karib Pengiran Anak Haji Idris bin Pengiran Maharaja Lela Pengiran Muda Abdul Kahar (HH Lord Idris), husband of HH Princess Umi-Kalthum). 72) His Highness Pengiran Maharaja Setia Laila Diraja Sahibul Irshad Pengran Anak Haji Abdul Rahim bin Pengiran Indera Mahkota Pengiran Anak (Dr.) Kemaludin Al-Haj, (HH Lord Rahim), husband of HRH Princess Rashidah. 73) His Highness Pengiran Sura Negara Pengiran Anak Haji Muhammad Bey Muntassir bin Pengiran Indera Mahkota Pengiran Anak (Dr) Kemaludin Al-Haj, (Lord Bey Muntassir), husband of HRH Princess Amal Jefriah.

Image Sources:

Text Sources: New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Times of London, Lonely Planet Guides, Library of Congress, Vanity Fair magazine, Brunei Tourism, Prime Minister's Office, Brunei Darussalam, Government of Brunei Darussalam, Compton’s Encyclopedia, The Guardian, National Geographic, Smithsonian magazine, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic Monthly, The Economist, Foreign Policy, Wikipedia, BBC, CNN, and various books, websites and other publications.

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© 2008 Jeffrey Hays

Last updated June 2015

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